Terms from our book: The Kingdoms of Life: Classification Chapter 12
Know the function and be able to label these parts of a plant or tree:
Roots: The part of a vascular plant that absorbs water and minerals from the soil
Shoots: The part of a plant that grows above ground including the stems and leaves.
Stems: The long main part of a plant which the flowers and leaves grow.
Xylem: The tissue of vascular plants which allows water and minerals to move from the roots up through the plant.
Phloem: Living tissue that transports food from photosynthesis throughout vascular plants
Cambium: The layer of tissue between the phloem and the xylem.
Ferns: reproduce with spores.
Seeds: Most vascular plants reproduce using seeds.
**Activity: Draw a picture of a seed and the changes it makes to become a plant. See page 37 in your book.
Gymnosperms: Seed producing, no flowers
Angiosperms: flowers and fruit
Recognize and label these parts of a plant:
Stamen: Male reproducing part of a flower, pollen producing
Pistils: Tubes that lead to the ovary
Pollen: Yellow grains that are the male cells of flowering plants
Ovaries: a female organ producing eggs for reproduction
Pollinators: An animal that transports pollen from one flower to another
Nectar: A sweet liquid in flowers that many insects feed on
Germinate: To begin to grow shoots and roots
Mosses: A kind of Non-vascular plant that grows on damp soil, rocks, and trees.
Rhizoids: Rootlike thread on some plants that help them anchor to the soil.
Liverwort: A non-vascular plant often shaped like the human liver.
Hornwort: A non-vascular plant that grows in the shape of a horn.
Find an example of a vascular plant and a nonvascular plant. Compare and contrast the two and record your findings in your notebook.