Terms from our book: The Kingdoms of Life: Classification Chapters 3, 4
Common Names and Scientific Names
Species: a group of organisms that have many characteristics in common
Genus: a group of related species
Binomial Nomenclature: Two-word latin naming system began by Linnaeus and still used by today’s scientists in naming new species
1.) Linnaeus used the Latin and Greek languages to unify the scientific language for each species.
2.) The first part of a scientific name stands for an organism’s genus.
3.) The second part of a scientific name identifies the actual species that the organism belongs to.
4.) Linnaeus divided all life into 2 Kingdoms: Plants and Animals, then he divided them into 7 smaller catagories.